Enter the IARC+
The primary purpose of the International Aerial Robotics Competition (IARC) has been to “move the state-of-the-art in aerial robotics forward” through the creation of significant and useful mission challenges that are ‘impossible’ at the time they are proposed, with the idea that when the aerial robotic behaviors called for in the mission are eventually demonstrated, the technology will have been advanced for the benefit of the world.
As such, the International Aerial Robotics Competition has not been a “spectator sport”, but rather a “technology sport.” Since its inception, over twenty two years has passed with six successful missions having been accomplished. Each time a mission was accomplished, some aspect of the state-of-the-art in aerial robotics was advanced beyond that which had previously been demonstrated.
During Mission 1, the ability to fully autonomously fly and navigate without inertial systems was demonstrated using a triad of carrier wave GPS antennas/receivers, as was the ability to pick up objects in one location and deposit them in another.
During Mission 2, autonomous aerial mapping, millimeter target identification, and object retrieval was demonstrated using differential GPS technology for navigation.
During Mission 3, the ability to perform an autonomous search and rescue mission was demonstrated, incorporating location and discrimination between injured survivors and the dead, avoidance of real threats to the aerial robot (15 meter flames, water geysers) in a cluttered, smoke obscured environment, and mapping of a disaster scene.
During Mission 4, autonomous aerial robots demonstrated the ability to fly long distances (3km), find a village, find a specific building in that village, identify all of the valid openings(open windows/doors) in that building, and insert an autonomous sub-robot into that opening.
During Mission 5, the Mission 4 goals were extended to assume that the autonomous sub-robot was able to fly, and that it needed to map the interior of the building and locate an object. SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) techniques were used to achieve this mission.
During Mission 6, the autonomous indoor flight scenario was further refined and completed by requiring a fully autonomous aerial robot to map the unknown interior of a building, avoid or defeat security measures, read and interpret printed directions on the walls (written in Arabic) to locate a specific room and remove a small object while replacing it with another like object before rapidly exiting the building as part of a simulated espionage mission. These mission goals were demonstrated during August of 2013 through the use of SLAM techniques and object recognition.
It is not the intent that the IARC repeat prior technology demonstrations, but to push new areas of aerial robotic behavior. Picking up and moving objects has been amply demonstrated over the first six missions. The use of GPS and SLAM techniques to navigate has likewise been well established over the past six missions. So what new behaviors are yet to be demonstrated in a fully autonomous aerial robot?
Mission 7 will challenge teams to demonstrate three new behaviors that have never been at tempted in any of the past six IARC missions. First, “interaction between aerial robots and moving objects (specifically, autonomous ground robots). Second, navigation in a sterile environment with no external navigation aids such as GPS or large stationary points of reference such as walls. Third, interaction between competing autonomous air vehicles.
Incorporating these three behaviors and capabilities into a single mission is a challenge in and of itself, but after analysis of comments from many experts in the field of aerial robotics, machine vision, and cognitive sciences, as well as a review of the pertinent literature, a manageable and fair test of these behaviors is a reasonable expected outcome from the mission described below.
Before enumerating the details and the administration of Mission 7, consider the envisioned implementation of the mission through an example approach to each of the three behaviors required.
9:00~16:00Registration Training Centre lobby
15:00~16:30Referee meeting Gymnasium of Beihang University
19:00~20:30Team Leader meeting (Presentation Order Draw) Gymnasium of Beihang University
08:00~11:40Competition Presentation Ruxin Hall of Beihang University
08:00~13:00Flight Trial Gymnasium of Beihang University
13:30-14:00Team Leader meeting (Competition Draw) Gymnasium of Beihang University
14:00~14:50Open Ceremony Gymnasium of Beihang University
15:00~18:00Competition ( first round ) Gymnasium of Beihang University
17:00-18:00Team Leader Conference Gymnasium of Beihang University
9:00~12:00Competition ( second round and third round ) Gymnasium of Beihang University
14:00~16:00Team leader Meeting Gymnasium of Beihang University
14:00~16:00Team Leader Conference Gymnasium of Beihang University
18:30~20:30Awarding ceremony and Banquet unsettled
The third generation of tasks (from 1998 to 2000) requires air robots to fly to the disaster site completely, searching for survivors from the rubble.
The site conditions are very harsh: a few feet tall flame, the water pipe burst, thick smoke.
In order to increase the fidelity and practicality, the U.S. Department of energy's disaster management and response departments to improve the game site, and with some dummy simulation of the wounded.
In 2000, the University of technology in Berlin, Germany, took the lead in completing the task: one by one to detect and avoid all the dangers; through the 2 basic body movements of dummies to identify those who are born.
Scene 1- rescue hostage
The submarine sailed to the enemy from the coast at 3km, before the special forces attack, sending air reconnaissance robot, found in the coastal city of the embassy and determine the entrance position; the task robot into the embassy, photographs from the submarine.
Scene 2- nuclear power plant emergency
All 2 people were killed in the explosion at the plant's reactors. For the 1 reactors shut down the rest of the air, sending robots from the safe distance of 3km outside the entrance to the scene, to determine the reactor buildings, transport robot task inside the reactor control terminal status check.
Scene 3- tomb raiders
An archaeological team from the tomb of the deadly virus and The whole army was wiped out. They died radioed a text base, a very precious Tapestry in the tomb; and the local government for combustion bombs to destroy the whole region in 15min. In order to rescue the valuable information, send the robot to deliver the robot into the tomb, take the content of the tapestry and return the photos.
April 26th, 1:23:44 hours Greenwich time. A few seconds later, the sound of thunder resounded through the night sky. An unknown disaster occurred in the fourth unit of the Ukraine nuclear reactor complex. Now see the glowing red glow of graphite from the KMBR-1000 reactor.
No survivors in the facility. Iodine 131 of the radioactive elements, cesium -137 and strontium -90 present at lethal levels. The safety distance of the team is less than three km. Unit 1 and No. 3 have been marked off. However, due to the failure of the control system, unit 2 is still running, emergency shutdown can not work properly. Long range aerial photography shows that overpressure in the explosion has blown up all windows in the facility.
Autonomous Robot (ship) aviation carrying vehicle sensors and micro autonomous flight system from a safe place (three km from the complex control room) launched into second units, consisting of two lights can be identified in front of the main entrance of the Ukraine national seal. The Mothership successfully found the second unit and identified the opening of the building where the aerial robot assisted vehicle could be built. This small independent aviation robot now must find and enter the control room to provide the main control panel and switch position of the picture, so that experts can see why unit second is not closed and the collapse of the potential assessment unit. The task must be completed within 10 minutes of the insertion of the building in the aviation robot system radiation failure. Aerial robotic vehicles must pass the picture through the concrete walls of second units to the waiting mother ship. Which picture will be forwarded back to the security area around 3km.
From the Greek intelligence organization of the Republic of the mole has received credible and actionable human intelligence (HUMINT) report. These reports suggest that highly sensitive information about plans to undermine the interests of global banking organizations may be stored in the remote security office in the town of. Security vulnerabilities have been identified that could allow small autonomous aircraft to penetrate perimeter defenses, so that global organizations can steal sensitive information in order to seize any of the acts of the government. Before his death, the mole was able to describe some of the features and the desired goals of the security organization of the intelligence organization in the. The following electronic bulletin is considered to contain reliable information. For more information, please check pdf.
Sixth generation missions in the indoor flight scene is more complex. Unknown indoor map aerial robots need to be able to independently draw buildings, to avoid or destroy the security measures, to discover and understand the words on the wall (Arabic), guidelines for information and then find the items placed confidential room. The air vehicle needs to enter the room to take away the secret, put in the substitute, and quickly exit the building.
The purpose of the IARC is not to repeat the previously implemented technology, but to open up new areas of aerial robotics. The ability to pick up and move objects has been demonstrated in the first six missions, and navigation using GPS and SLAM techniques is also well documented. So, what kind of new behavior of autonomous flight aerial robots need to show?
Task 7 will have three new actions to challenge the team. These three behaviors have never been tried in the first six IARC missions. First, the interaction between the Aerial Robot and the ground moving object. Second, navigation behavior in an open environment. In this environment, there are no external navigation aids, such as GPS or wall. Third, the game behavior with other competing aerial robots.
Specific tasks please check pdf